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小学英语课堂用语的渗透与使用

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发表于 2016-12-23 16:07:32 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
    小学英语课堂用语的渗透与使用
    研究课题方案
    文/阳春白雪
    一、研究背景:
    小学英语课程推广开设,是推进素质教育的一项重大举措,是教育改革的一项重要措施,更是我国英语教学的一件具有非常深远影响的大事。根据小学生的生理和心理特点以及发展需求,小学阶段英语课程的目的是激发学生学习英语的兴趣,培养他们英语学习的积极态度,使他们建立初步的学习英语的自信心,培养学生一定的语感和良好的语音、语调基础,使他们形成初步用英语进行简单日常交流的能力,为进一步学习打下基? P⊙в⒂锟枰岳矗骷督萄胁棵欧浅V厥咏萄У难刑郑鞯厍沽烁髦中问降慕萄谢疃5颐窃谄绞钡餮兄蟹⑾郑淌γ撬淙辉谌粘J诳沃幸沧⒁庠擞眯问蕉嘌⑸钇玫慕谭しⅰ⑴嘌⊙坝⒂锏男巳ぃ腔故且豢夹巳づê瘢鸾ツ扇染⒕偷耍硗馊羧醚糜⒂锝涣鳎妥ザ尤蚴巧笛鄯丁9丶侍獬鲈谌艚淌τ煤河镒橹萄В箍梢愿沤淌Φ牟阶幼撸舾挠糜⒂锸诳危头从Τ俣郏恢屏恕?
    二、概念的界定:
    对于我国的学生学习英语本身就缺乏英语环境,主要的环境就是课堂,尤其小学一周只有两节英语课,因此,从小学生一开始接触英语就渗透并使用英语组织教学,为学生营造一个良好的英语学习环境则显得尤为重要,同时,也符合2011版《新课程英语标准》中指出的学习英语是为了培养学生的英语综合语言运用能力的总目标。
    三、 研究目的:
    本课题研究拟深入第一线全面了解我县英语教学现状和小学生学习现状,并针对大多数老师习惯用汉语授课,总是不敢大胆尝试用英语授课,对学生总是不放心,只怕学生听不懂,学生没有很好的学习英语的环境,从而导致课堂教学效率低的现象加以分析、研究、形成课题,并找到解决问题的对策与方法,以帮助学校提高英语课堂教学效率,使学生有持续学习英语的兴趣。
    四、研究内容:
    1、了解我县小学英语教学现状及学生的学情。对此现状加以分析、研究。附有附件(表格)。
    2、找解决问题的对策与方法。依据2011版《英语新课程标准》的要求:重视激发和培养学生学习英语的兴趣,培养一定的语感和良好的语音、语调基础,引导学生乐于用英语进行间的交流,把教学的重点放在培养学生用英语交流的能力和兴趣上。
    五、实施方法:
    小学英语教学是启蒙阶段,
    激发和培养学生学习英语的兴趣,培养一定的语感和良好的语音、语调至关重要,小学生在学习英语过程中,要靠老师的渗透和培养。小学英语阶段的学习主要是感性学习,无论是语音、词汇、语法和交际用语都应当从感性学习入手,通过示范、模仿、运用,使学生充分感知语言,从而逐渐领悟语言的内在联系,这就需要老师为学生营造一个良好的学习氛围和环境。从学习和掌握英语的角度来说,核心问题是要培养学生听、说、读、写的综合运用能力。小学阶段侧重听说能力的培养,适当读写。要把"听"放在首位。要教育学生在课堂上认真听老师和同学讲英语、听录音、看英语视频等多渠道培养听力。在听的基础上说,积极参与课堂练习,敢于大胆讲英语,乐于用英语与他人交流。为能达到这一目的,拟定让老师们尝试着用逐步渗透课堂口语,坚持用英语组织课堂教学,为学生营造学习英语的环境和氛围,从而养成用英语思维的方式学习英语的习惯。
    六、 研究步骤:
    1、准备阶段(2014年9月--2014年10月)
    ⑴对目前小学英语课堂教学及学生学习现状进行调查、分析,找出存在问题,使研究具有针对性和实践性。
    ⑵对现有的经验及理论进行综合的比较研究,供本课题借鉴,提出实验假设,完成实验的总体设计。并搜集汇总有关小学英语课堂教学常用的相关用语,组织教师学习并使用。
    附件(小学英语课堂用语汇总)
    2、实施阶段(2014年10月--2014年12月)
    ⑴按实施方案进行实施,实验中小学英语教学现状进行跟踪调查,做好数据的统计、分析、整理工作。
    ⑵定期组织课题研究活动,并不断调整作方式。
    ⑶定期做好工作总结,实验效果作出评价,不断总结实验中存在的问题,并作出分析调整,进一步完善作体系。
    3、总结阶段(2015年1月--2015年3月)
    ⑴修正、调整研究目标、方法等,并初步形成小学生良好英语学习习惯培养的策略;
    ⑵全面反思、总结,撰写研究报告,结题。
    七、成果形式:
    1.课题研究的阶段报告和专题论文的发表。 2.有作价值的研究案例。
    3.总结小学生英语课堂教学用语渗透与使用的结题报告。
    八、课题研究的组织参与者
    课题负责人:杨晋萍
    课题运作:
    颜秀芳 元芳 王红 王瑞红
    附件:
    小学英语课堂教学常用语
    1. 上课 (Beginning a
    class)
    (1) Let's start now. /
    Let's begin our class / lesson.
    (2) Stand up,
    please.
    (3) Sit down,
    please.
    2. 问候 (Greeting)
    (4) Hello, boys and girls /
    children.
    (5) Good morning, class /
    everyone / everybody / children / boys and girls.
    (6) Good afternoon, class /
    everyone / everybody / children / boys and girls.
    (7) How are you
    today?
    3. 考勤 (Checking
    attendance)
    (8) Who's on duty today? /
    Who's helping this morning / today?
    (9) Is everyone / everybody
    here / present?
    (10) Is anyone away? / Is
    anybody away?
    (11) Is anyone absent? / Is
    anybody absent?
    (12) Who's absent? / Who's
    away?
    (13) Where is he/
    she?
    (14) Try to be on time. /
    Don't be late next time.
    (15) Go back to your seat,
    please.
    (16) What day is it
    today?
    (17) What's the date
    today?
    (18) What's the weather
    like today?
    (19) What's it like
    outside?
    4. 宣布(Announcing)
    (20) Let's start working. /
    Let's begin / start a new lesson. / Let's begin / start our
    lesson.
    (21) Fit, let's review /
    do some review.
    (22) What did we learn in
    the last lesson?
    (23) Who can tell /
    remember what we did in the last lesson / yesterday?
    (24) Now we're going to do
    something new / different. / Now let's learn something
    new.
    (25) We have some now words
    / sentences.
    5. 提起注意 (Directing
    attention)
    (26) Ready? / Are you
    ready?
    (27) Did you get there? /
    Do you undetand?
    (28) Is that
    clear?
    (29) Any
    voluntee?
    (30) Do you know what to
    do?
    (31) Be quiet, please. /
    Quiet, please.
    (32) Listen,
    please.
    (33) Listen carefully,
    please.
    (34) Listen to the tape
    recorder / the recording.
    (35) Look carefully,
    please.
    (36) Look over
    here.
    (37) Watch
    carefully.
    (38) Are your
    watching?
    (39) Please look at the
    blackboard / picture / map. . .
    (40) Pay attention to your
    spelling / pronunciation…
    6.课堂活动(Classroom
    activities)
    (41) Start! / Start
    now.
    (42) Everybody together. /
    All together.
    (43) Practise in a group. /
    Practise in groups / in groups, please.
    (44) Get into groups of
    three / four . . .
    (45) Everybody find a
    partner / friend.
    (46) In pai,
    please.
    (47) One at a time. / Let's
    do it one by one.
    (48) Now you, please. /
    Your turn {Student's name).
    (49) Next, please. Now you
    do the same, please.
    (50) Let's act. / Let's act
    out / do the dialogue.
    (51) Who wants to be
    A?
    (52) Practise the dialogue,
    please.
    (53) Now Tom will be A, and
    the other half will be B.
    (54) Please take (play) the
    part of ...
    (55) Whose turn is
    it?
    (56) It's your
    turn.
    (57) Wait your turn,
    please.
    (58) Stand in line. / Line
    up.
    (59) One by one. / One at a
    time, please.
    (60) In twos. / In
    pai.
    (61) Don't speak
    out.
    (62) Turn
    around.
    7. 请求(Request)
    (63) Could you please try
    it again?
    (64) Could you please try
    the next one?
    (65) Will you please help
    me?
    8.
    鼓励(Encouraging)
    (66) Can you
    try?
    (67) Try,
    please.
    (68) Try your best. / Do
    your best.
    (69) Think it over and try
    again.
    (70) Don't be afraid /
    shy.
    9. 指令(Issuing a
    command)
    (71) Say / Read after me,
    please.
    (72) Follow me,
    please.
    (73) Do what I
    do.
    (74) Repeat, please. /
    Repeat after me.
    (75) Once more, please. /
    One more time, please.
    (76) Come here,
    please.
    (77) Please come to the
    front. / Come up and write on the blackboard /
    chalkboard.
    (78) Come and write it on
    the blackboard.
    (79) Please go back to your
    seat.
    (80) In English,
    please.
    (81) Put your hand up,
    please. Raise your hand, please.
    (82) Put your hands down,
    please. / Hands down, please.
    (83) Say it / Write it in
    Chinese / English.
    (84) Please take out your
    books.
    (85) Please open your books
    at page . . . / Find page . . . / Turn to page ...
    (86) Please awer the
    question / questio. / Please awer my question (s).
    (87) Please read this
    letter / word / sentence out loud. / Please read out this letter /
    word /
    sentence.
    (88) Please stop now. /
    Stop now, please. / Stop here, please.
    (89) Clean up your desk /
    the classroom, please.
    (90) It's clean-up time. /
    Tidy up your desk / the classroom.
    (91) Put your things away.
    / Clean off your desk. / Pick up the scraps.
    (92) Clean the
    blackboard.
    (93) Plug in the
    tape-recorder, please.
    (94) Put the tape-recorder
    away.
    (95) Put the tape in its
    box / cassette.
    (96) Listen and
    repeat.
    (97) Look and
    listen.
    (98) Repeat after
    me.
    (99) Follow the
    words.
    (100) Fast. / Quickly! / Be
    quick, please.
    (101) Hurry! / Hurry up,
    please.
    (102) Slow down,
    please.
    (103) Slowly.
    (104) Bring me some chalk,
    please.
    10. 禁止和警告 (Prohibition and
    warning)
    (105) Stop talking. / Stop
    talking now, please.
    (106) Don't talk. /
    Everybody quiet, please.
    (107) Don't be
    silly.
    (108) Settle
    down.
    11. 评价
    (109) Good, thank
    you.
    (110) Good! / Very good. /
    Good job. / Good work. / Good example.
    (111) A good awer. / Nice
    work.
    (112) Excellent. / Great! /
    Well done. / Very good. / I like the way you . . .
    (113) That's
    interesting!
    (114) Don't worry about it.
    / No problem.
    (115) OK! / That's
    OK.
    (116) I don't think
    so.
    (117) That's not quite right,
    any other awe? / That's close. / That's almost
    right.
    (118) Not quite, can anyone
    help him / her? / Try again.
    (119) A good
    try.
    12. 布置作业 (Setting
    homework)
    (120) For today's homework
    . . .
    (121) Practise after class.
    / Practise at home.
    (122) Say it out loud,
    before you write it down.
    (123) Copy / Print / Write
    each word twice.
    (124) Remember (Memorize)
    these words / sentences.
    (125) Learn these words /
    these sentences / this text by heart.
    (126) Do your homework. /
    Do the next lesson. / Do the new work,
    13. 下课 (Dismissing the
    class)
    (127) Hand in your
    workbooks, please.
    (128) Time is
    up.
    (129) The bell is
    ringing.
    (130) There's the
    bell.
    (131) There goes the
    bell.
    (132) Let's stop
    here.
    (133) That's all for
    today.
    (134) Class is
    over.
    (135) Goodbye. / Bye. / See
    you next time。。
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